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These technical articles, factsheets and case studies provide robust, independent information on biomass feedstock performance, agronomy, economics and environmental benefits, to facilitate discussion and learning regarding the biomass sector.

Why integrate Biomass Crops into Agroforestry Systems?
When incorporated into agroforestry systems, biomass crops contribute in various ways, including, support for pollinator populations, biodiversity enhancement, flood risk reduction, minimized runoff and soil erosion, improved water quality, increased soil carbon sequestration, improved soil health and contribute to climate change mitigation
Type: Technical Article
Author: Dr Nana Afranaa Kwapong
Date: 23rd November 2023
Crop:
Keywords: Agroforestry
Production of Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum) as a biomass feedstock
Uses, Benefits, Establishment, Cultivation, Harvesting, processes and economics of Switchgrass.
Type: Technical Article
Author: Dr Nana Afranaa Kwapong
Date: 21st November 2023
Crop: Switchgrass
Keywords:
Poplar (Populus spp.)
Poplar can be grown as a Short Rotation Forestry (SRF) or Short Rotation Coppice (SRC) and is among the fastest growing of temperate trees and is therefore of considerable interest as a bioenergy crop.
Type: Technical Article
Author: Dr Nana Afranaa Kwapong
Date: 14th August 2023
Crop: Poplar
Keywords:
Reed Canary Grass (Phalaris arundinacea L.) – A multi-purpose crop
Uses, Benefits, Establishment, Cultivation, Harvesting, processes and economics of Reed Canary Grass.
Type: Technical Article
Author: Dr Nana Afranaa Kwapong
Date: 30th June 2023
Crop: Reed Canary Grass
Keywords:
Biomass feedstock for fuelling gasification technologies
Biomass gasification technologies are projected to play an important role in meeting UK’s net zero emission targets especially when targeted towards use in sectors (heat, industrial, and transport) where options for decarbonisation is difficult or expensive.
Type: Technical Article
Author: Dr Nana Afranaa Kwapong
Date: 11th May 2023
Crop:
Keywords: Gasification
Environmental and biodiversity impacts of Miscanthus plantations
Bioenergy crops are set to increase in the UK and the wider landscape. To develop a sustainable biomass market the impacts of biomass crops on environment and biodiversity must be considered. Any agricultural production is primarily based on human demand and there will always be a trade-off between nature and humans or one benefit and another. Miscanthus is a promising energy crop can provide a range of benefits while minimising environmental harm.
Type: Technical Article
Author: Dr Saba E. Amir
Date: 3rd May 2023
Crop: Miscanthus
Keywords: Miscanthus, biodiversity
Does production of biofuel mean less food production?
Food and bioenergy need not compete for land, instead, biofuel crops should be integrated into existing landscape and agricultural lands in a multifunctional approach to offer multiple benefits including use as fuel and for other ecosystem services.
Type: Technical Article
Author: Dr Nana Afranaa Kwapong
Date: 25th April 2023
Crop:
Keywords:
Hemp as a Biomass Crop
Hemp has great potential to become a promising commodity crop for producing both biofuels and value-added products. It is an excellent rotation crop that fits well with food and feed crops and improves the yield of the subsequent crops due to the beneficial effects of hemp on the soil.
Type: Technical Article
Author: Dr Saba E Amir
Date: 6th April 2023
Crop: Hemp
Keywords:
Harvesting of Short Rotation Coppice Willow
Efforts to reduce harvesting costs by improving the performance and reliability of the harvesters and chip collection system are essential for the profitability of the willow biomass production.
Type: Technical Article
Author: Dr Nana Afranaa Kwapong
Date: 30th March 2023
Crop: Willow
Keywords: Willow, SRC, Harvesting
Eucalyptus as a short-rotation forestry crop for the UK
A number of Eucalyptus species have been identified as having great potential as a short rotation forestry (SRF) or coppice (SRC) species in the UK. Eucalyptus is suited to short rotation forestry due to its fast growth rate and high biomass yield, which can exceed that of other native species.
Type: Technical Article
Author: Dr Edward Hodgson and Bryan Elliot
Date: 29th March 2023
Crop: Eucalyptus
Keywords: Eucalyptus
Biomass Buffer Strips – using biomass crops in multipurpose land management
A buffer strip is an area of land which is either left uncultivated or planted with perennial grasses, shrubs and trees. Planting strips or alleys of perennial biomass crops on existing agricultural land can provide a number of important benefits in terms of flood management, soil recovery and improvements in biodiversity, in addition to providing a harvestable resource. Wider adoption could help better manage landscapes to be more resilient to the effects of climate change, mitigate flood risk, and reduce the environmental impacts of intensive agriculture.
Type: Technical Article
Author: Dr Edward Hodgson
Date: 20th March 2023
Crop:
Keywords: buffer Strips, Land management, flood mitigation, soil erosion, groundwater, biomass
Biomass Pelletisation: Influence of biomass characteristics on pellet quality
This article explores the critical issues in the biomass pelletisation process, biomass pellet characteristics and the standardisation of high-quality biomass pellets for energy production.
Type: Technical Article
Author: Dr Nana Afranaa Kwapong
Date: 14th March 2023
Crop:
Keywords: Pellets, Pelletisation
Bioenergy with Carbon Capture and Storage (BECCS)
BECCS could provide an important mechanism to reduce emissions and remove greenhouse gasses from the atmosphere. However, full life-cycle assessment of biomass production and supply will be critical to ensure BECCS is truly net-negative and does not result in other deleterious effects on our natural environment or food production systems
Type: Technical Article
Author: Dr Edward Hodgson
Date: 1st March 2023
Crop:
Keywords: BECCS, Bioenergy, Carbon Capture
How does Short Rotation Coppice (SRC) willow affect biodiversity?
In this article, we provide insight into the dynamics of interaction of SRC willow and its effect on plant and animal biodiversity.
Type: Technical Article
Author: Dr Nana Afranaa Kwapong
Date: 27th Feb 2023
Crop: Willow
Keywords: Willow, SRC, Biodiversity
What effect does planting biomass crops have on soil carbon?
Soil Organic Carbon (SOC) is formed from the interaction of ecosystem processes such as photosynthesis, respiration and decomposition of SOM. Soil carbon provides the benefit of enhancing soil quality which is essential to sustain and improve food production, increase supply and quality of water, enhance biodiversity, and reduce atmospheric CO2. For these reasons, planting biomass crops help to improve soil quality, provide resilience to physical soil degradation and help mitigate climate change.
Type: Technical Article
Author: Dr Nana Afranaa Kwapong
Date: 31st January 2023
Crop:
Keywords: Biomass Crops, Soil, Carbon
Data Summary – Solid Biomass consumption trends in the UK energy sector 2016-2021
The utilisation of solid biomass as a fuel in generation of heat and power has seen a significant increase over the last ten years as many coal-fired power stations converted to using biomass. This article provides a summary of the data reported by BEIS and OFGEM specific to solid biomass use in the UK heat and power sector over the last 5-10 year period.
Type: Technical Article
Author: Edward Hodgson
Date: 24th Jan 2023
Crop:
Keywords: Bioenergy, Solid Biomass
Small-scale forestry for bioenergy consumption – Part III: Biomass production and incentives
In this article we will explore the further potential for trees and hedgerows in bioenergy production. Parts 1 and 2 covered potential tree species and management techniques, whereas here, part 3 will discuss forestry in terms of biomass.
Type: Technical Article
Author:
Date:
Crop: Woodland Tree Species
Keywords:
Small-scale forestry for bioenergy consumption – Part II: Forestry management
In this article we will explore the further potential for trees and hedgerows, and planting and management methods that could be utilised, when considering woodland creation for bioenergy production.
Type: Technical Article
Author:
Date:
Crop: Woodland Tree Species
Keywords:
Small-scale forestry for bioenergy consumption – Part I: Important tree species for consideration
Here we explore the further potential for trees and hedgerows concerning bioenergy production. This article discusses a selection from the wide range of tree species often cultivated in agroforestry for biomass.
Type: Technical Article
Author:
Date:
Crop: Woodland Tree Species
Keywords:
Miscanthus as an alternative crop for farmers
Type: Technical Article
Author:
Date:
Crop: Miscanthus
Keywords: Miscanthus

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